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Electrochemical and XPS Studies of AISI 316L Stainless Steel After Electropolishing in a Magnetic Field


Ryszard Rokicki, Tadeusz Hryniewicz
, K. Rokosz

Originally Published in Corrosion Science, Volume 50, Issue 9, Pages 2676-2681, September 2008

The thermodynamic stability and corrosion resistance of surface oxide layer are the most important features of stainless steels. Electrochemical polishing (EP) is the most extensively used surface technology for austenitic stainless steels. We have modified this surface technology by introducing a magnetic field to the system. With this new process called the magnetoelectropolishing (MEP) we can improve metal surface properties by making the stainless steel more resistant to halides encountered in a variety of environments.

In this paper, the corrosion research results are presented on the behaviour of the most commonly used material -- medical grade AISI 316L stainless steel. The corrosion investigations have been concerned on the open circuit potential (OCP), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and polarisation curves studies in the Ringerís body fluid under room temperature (25 °C). The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was performed on 316L samples after three treatments: MP -- abrasive polishing (800 grit size), EP -- conventional electrolytic polishing, and MEP -- magnetoelectropolishing. The comparison of the corrosion behaviour of the stainless steelís surface after these processes was also carried out. The purpose of XPS studies was to reveal the surface film composition and the reason of this modified corrosion behaviour. It has been found that the proposed MEP process modifies considerably the composition of the surface film and improves the corrosion resistance of the same 316L SS studied.

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.

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